एवमुक्त्वा हृषीकेशं गुडाकेशः परन्तप ।
न योत्स्य इति गोविन्दमुक्त्वा तूष्णीं बभूव ह ॥२-९॥
evam uktva hrishikesham gudakeshah parantapa
na yotsya iti govindam uktva tusnim babhuva ha ॥ 2-9 ॥
Sanjaya while narrating live commentary to Dhritarashtra about affairs in the battlefield of Mahabharata addresses him as Parantapa (a king who after great tapasya/penances gained maturity in art of war and was greatly feared by the enemy). Sanjaya addressing Dhritarashtra as Parantapa reflects the collective power of Kaurava camp, not individual king Dhritarashtra.
Sanjaya further addresses Arjuna as Gudakesha (one who succeeds in establishing absolute control over sleep) and Arjuna addressing Lord Krishna as Rishikesha (controller of all five senses and mind). One who succeeds in establishing absolute control over sleep was near to reaching stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana).
A spiritual aspirant who finally succeeds in establishing absolute control over five senses and mind knows the way to God Almighty. In absence of Lord Krishna, the controller of five senses and mind… none could reach God in present life! It is only through teachings of Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita; human beings finally succeed in establishing absolute control over five senses and mind.
Sanjaya further narrates to Kaurava king Dhritarashtra: After expressing insurmountable grief to Lord Krishna (Rishikesha), as detailed in bhagavad gita chapter 2 verse 8… Arjuna (Gudakesha) finally becomes mum after telling Krishna in clear terms that he was not prepared to fight his enemy… the Kauravas! Sanjaya also refers to Lord Krishna as Govinda (one who has won his true inner self by establishing absolute control over five senses and mind).
Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 9 reflects upon indecisiveness of Arjuna that he displayed in battle of Mahabharata. In spite of Krishna advising him to fight this battle of dharma (righteousness) against evil forces of adharma (lawlessness)… Arjuna prefers cowardice when he clearly states to Krishna that he was not prepared to fight the Kauravas, fearing he might become a sinner if he killed his maternal grandfather Bhishma Pitamah and guru Dronacharya.
Arjuna did not want to fight those dear to his heart… his beloved maternal grandfather Bhishma Pitamah and guru Dronacharya. Arjuna was resisting all logic and expressed inability to exercise power of discrimination. Viewing narrowly and considering Lord Krishna as a friend and guide… Arjuna failed to realize that Lord Krishna was a cosmic entity… an avatar of his era (God manifest in human form). Lord Krishna was truly a messiah… saviour of his times!
As teachings comprised in Bhagavad Gita was a spiritual allegory… in Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 9, emphasis has been laid on control over five senses and mind. To reach god, to reach our true inner self… to reach Lord Krishna, our establishing absolute control over five senses and mind was mandated by god. In our spiritual journey as we neared god… one finally succeeds in establishing full control over sleep. Arjuna able to do that spells that Arjuna was the right candidate for Lord Krishna to impart teachings of Bhagavad Gita.
Control over sleep can only be established by one who step-by-step succeeds in establishing absolute control over five senses and mind. Looking beyond literal meanings… in Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 8, Lord Krishna emphasizes need to exercise power of discrimination if one wanted to reach god in present life. Remaining engulfed in feelings of Moha (extreme emotional attachment), no human being could succeed in establishing absolute control over five senses and mind. We had to become a Gudakesha, Rishikesha, Govinda to reach god in present life!
By indulging in rituals (path of religion), by indulging in prayers alone… one reached nowhere! In essence, Lord Krishna clearly tells Arjuna to scuttle all feelings of Moha (extreme emotional attachment) towards Kauravas as they sided with adharma (lawlessness) all the time. Lord Krishna further goads Arjuna to fight this battle of dharma (righteousness) to root out evil from society forever. It was not a fight between two parties… it was a fight to re-establish dharma (righteousness) forever.
As per Lord Krishna, Arjuna was duty-bound to follow his dictates! Why? When Arjuna had already decided his absolute goal of life… all his reasoning to delay battle of Mahabharata was a ruse not acceptable to Lord Krishna. Stated otherwise, if one were to reach god in present life… a limited time span of 70 to 80 years of earthly abode, one just could not waste time on inconsistencies of physical manifest world. All earthly ties were ephemeral… temporal!
To reach god… we had to overpower five senses and mind, finally negating karma to zero forever! Developing absolute control over sleep was a byproduct of spiritual journey. When a soul atman neared stage of absolute purity… the need for human beings to sleep subsided forever. Nuances of spiritual journey were multifaceted. One who undertakes spiritual journey in right earnestness never loses anything in life. This is the biggest gift of god to mankind. On spiritual path… we as a human being were always a winner in the end!
Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Sep 4, 2014
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