Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 51

कर्मजं बुद्धियुक्ता हि फलं त्यक्त्वा मनीषिणः ।
जन्मबन्धविनिर्मुक्ताः पदं गच्छन्त्यनामयम् ॥२-५१॥

karmajam buddhiyukta hi phalam tyaktva manisinah
janma bandhavinirmuktaha padam gachhanty anamayam ॥ 2-51 ॥



Through Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 51, Lord Krishna categorically defines the path that leads to stage of Nirvikalpa Samadhi (state of absolute nothingness). A Jnani (man of wisdom) by practicing samatva (equanimity) finally realizes that essence of spiritual life laid in negating karma to zero. This became possible by indulging in karma nishkama karma way! Offering fruits of karma performed to God Almighty all the time, a true seeker of spirituality finally gains release from karma bandhan forever.


The bondage of karma existed as long as travelers of spiritual path sought results of their actions! The moment they realized that they were a spirit… a soul atman on its cosmic journey of 8.4 million manifestations… they indulged in nishkama karma yoga, offering fruits of karma performed to God Almighty all the time! When our soul atman, the spirit within was master and controller of human life… all karma performed by physical manifest self always belonged to the actual master, our soul atman within.


Geeta chapter 2 verse 51 clearly confirms continuity of life in cosmic system! After life, past life was part of cosmic system. By practicing nishkama karma yoga (samatva yoga) human beings finally succeed in negating their karma to zero. Negating karma to zero means us as a soul atman, the spirit within gaining absolute purity forever! In absence of dross impurities within, the need for a soul atman to manifest a new body now ceased to exist!


Even while maintaining a physical body, the soul atman finally reaches stage of absolute purity! The circle of life for a soul atman finally comes to an end. Liberated from cycle of birth and death forever… the purified soul atman in the physical manifest world is termed an enlightened one… a bodhi, a Jina… a Mahavira! Gaining enlightenment is the highest stage of evolution that could be reached in human form! The enlightened being, moment one leaves mortal frame… gains moksha salvation forever!


The Explanation

Lord Krishna clarifies in explicit terms that path of spirituality can only be travelled by one who succeeds in maintaining samatva (equanimity) in all phases of life. In happiness and in sorrow, in gains and losses when a traveler of spiritual path succeeds in maintaining equipoise… one finally transcends complex process of karma, finally negating it to zero forever! Souls’ atmans keep manifesting form after another as long as a single trace of dross impurities exists within!


The cycle of birth and death finally comes to an end moment one reached stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana). For negating karma to zero establishing absolute control over five senses and mind was necessitated. By acting as a true trustee of god, by practicing samatva (equanimity)… a true seeker finally transcends worldly life. In absence of dross impurities within… the soul atman finally regains its lost original pure prime pristine primordial form forever.


Lord Krishna within emphasizes again and again to indulge in karma but leave fruits of karma performed to God Almighty. No matter how many times we read Srimad Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads or Vedas… all these scriptural texts only act as a medium to reach god in present life. The stage of samatva can only be reached by travelling path of logistics at each and every stage of life. Unless we indulged in contemplation on teachings contained in scriptural texts, we could never reach stage of samatva!


Everything in field of pure spirituality has to be realized from within. Nothing in field of pure spirituality can be taught externally. A spiritual preceptor, spiritual guru… spiritual master can only act as a guide but the real work needs to be done by the individual self. Unless we cut across shackles of karma… we could never reach stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana). Our part of karma is to be negated by us alone; none in this world could negate our part of karma!


Religious preachers, spiritual masters who preached otherwise feigned ignorance in matters spiritual! Enlightenment could never be gained otherwise. Karma needs to be negated to zero if we truly wanted to become an enlightened one in present life. The willpower exhibited by Swami Vivekananda is necessitated to crossover ocean of Samsara (worldly life) to reach god in present life. There was never a shortcut path to god as many people world over believed.


Reaching stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) announces gaining immortality forever. An immortal soul, after leaving mortal frame never returns to material fold again! All immortal souls, all enlightened ones after leaving mortal frame reached stage of moksha salvation and entered Vaikuntha (kingdom of God) forever. Enlightened souls, immortal souls do not go to swarga (heaven) as is normally believed. Kingdom of God (Vaikuntha in Hinduism) is a point of no return.


The stage of enlightenment in Hindi is termed Mukti (liberation from cycle of birth and death forever).


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Oct 7, 2014

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