Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 45

त्रैगुण्यविषया वेदा निस्त्रैगुण्यो भवार्जुन ।
निर्द्वन्द्वो नित्यसत्त्वस्थो निर्योगक्षेम आत्मवान् ॥२-४५॥

traiguṇyaviṣayā vedā nistraiguṇyo bhavā ʼrjuna
nirdvandvo nityasattvastho  niryogakṣema ātmavān  ॥ 2-45 ॥



In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 45 Lord Krishna tells Arjuna in unequivocal terms that Vedas (Hinduism revelations) promote Sakaam form of yoga, indulgence in yagnas (rituals) and life on mother earth was primarily governed by three basic tendencies, inner nature, prakriti… Gunas namely sattva, rajas and tamas! These three Gunas directly but inherently controlled functioning of every living being (Jiva)!


Those emulating teachings contained in Vedas primarily followed path of Sakaam karma that never led to God Almighty. Indulgence in sattva Guna, rajo Guna or tamo Guna were binding resulting in klesha (perpetual cyclic motion of life and death). Indulgence in Gunas always result in karma bandhan… propelling our soul atman, the spirit within to repeatedly manifest body after another!


One bonded in vicious cycle of three Gunas never reached hidden inner truths of life. For a follower of Vedas… life rotates between mother earth, swarga (heaven) and naraka (hell). For a Sakaam karma Yogi, the ultimate goal of life was reaching swarga (heaven) and this was an absolute misnomer. Swarga (heaven) was an interim place for stay of souls’ atmans when matching parents were not available on mother earth. The domain of swarga (heaven) had nothing to do with stage of moksha (salvation).


Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to detach self from bondage of three Gunas, viz. sattva, Rajas and Tamas to finally liberate self from cycle of birth and death forever. Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to practice samatva (equanimity) in all stages of life as duality was part of nature. In happiness and sorrow, yoga and kshema one must manifest inner qualities, practice samata (equanimity) to detach self from fruits of karma performed. As per Lord Krishna, subject of Vedas was gaining Brahma Tattva and not swarga (heaven) as believed by Mimamsakas, Sakaam karma yogis! Unless we detached self from circle of all three Gunas, all our efforts to reach God would go in vain!


Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to finally emancipate self from vicious circle of all three Gunas forever. Even sattva Guna (tendency that propelled towards purity) was binding. Lord Srikrishna tells Arjuna to indulge in karma in a way that one reached absolute truth of life, God Almighty himself (Brahman in Hinduism)! As per Sri Krishna, yoga was only a path to reach god! Any bondage with any form of yoga or its results again results in karma bandhan (bondage of karma). Total detachment from worldly life, worldly activities were necessitated to reach Paramatma, God in present life.


As per Lord Krishna, Arjuna must rise to the occasion and see God within! Stated in simpler words, lord Krishna means to say… one should never develop bondage towards teachings contained in Vedas, rituals as everything relating to three Gunas was binding in this material world. To reach absolute truth, complete annihilation of activity (sattvika,rjasika or tmasika) was necessitated. In simpler words, Sri Krishna advises Arjuna to follow path of nishkama karma yoga to reach God in present life. The feeling of doership must be grounded forever. We must act like a trustee, never a doer!


The Explanation

Through bhagavad gita 2 45 Lord Krishna makes clear to Arjuna: as fundamental object of Vedas was not indulgence in yajña (also pronounced yagya) true seekers of spirituality must pursue path of nishkama karma yoga, never Sakaam karma yoga to reach god in present life. Vedas propound, render a distinctly clear path to God Almighty by eulogizing concept of soul atman existing within all human beings. We must reach inner truth through path of Vedas to reach god in present life.


Living in a materialistic world, abandoning all desires and fruits thereof seemed a difficult proposition but not impossible. By practicing equanimity in all stages of life, we can dispel ignorance within! Indulgence in karma promotes karmic bondage. To scuttle vicious cycle of karma bandhan, our indulgence in karma nishkama karma way was necessitated! We had to work like a true trustee of God Almighty, offering fruits of karma performed to Lord Krishna all the time.


We cannot deny the fact that Lord Krishna all the time exists in our heart… as our soul atman, the spirit! By following dictates of Lord Krishna within… we can finally realize that truth and false, happiness and sorrow were two sides of the same coin! In absence of one… the other simply could not subsist! By logically exercising power of discrimination, we could finally distinguish absolute truth from falsehood. This becomes possible when we killed our ego on altar of absolute truth.


Lord Krishna is an embodiment of truth and only truth! One can reach Lord Krishna only through path of truthfulness! As no form of karma other than nishkama karma promotes truthfulness, our efforts must all the time remain… indulging in karma that was not binding! It is bondage of karma that all the time resulted in our soul atman, the spirit within manifesting body after another! Lord Krishna says, as nothing truly belongs to human beings… our indulgence in karma must always be for welfare of entire mankind!


To reach god we had to circumvent the manifest physical world consisting of three Gunas… sattva, rajas, and tamas. No achievement of physical manifest world carried value in world of spirits. Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to perceive ephemerality of indulgence in rituals. To reach our true inner self, to become a realized soul atman… invoking purity in thought process was mandated by god. Impure thoughts obscured all that was truthful. We can overpower manifest only with power of unmanifest.


Allegorically bhagavad gita chapter 2 verse 45 makes a steep distinction between the physical manifest world and world of souls’ atmans. All indulgences of manifest physical world were never godly. While living in this world, while indulging in karma… we must all the time work in a way as if everything happened for sake of god. For sake of god we just could not discontinue working, indulgence in karma! Even while indulging in karma… our goal of life should always be reaching god.


Power of discrimination, path of nishkama karma yoga was two important ingredients of spiritual path! By practicing truthfulness all the time… a serious seeker of spirituality successfully utilizes power of discrimination to follow path of nishkama karma yoga, to reach god in present life! Purity within our soul atman can only be gained by slowly dissolving traces of negative karma indulged in present or past life. Lord Krishna clearly says, behind every effort linked to karma laid domain of God Almighty.


We just could not afford to forget god while indulging in daily routines of life! At every stage of life our goal should always be reaching god in present life. Becoming a Brahma jnani, recognizing Brahma Tattva within every living being should be our aim of life.


Referring to this quote of Srimad Bhagavad Gita 6.17…

युक्ताहारविहारस्य युक्तचेष्टस्य कर्मसु ।
युक्तस्वप्नावबोधस्य योगो भवति दुःखहा ॥६-१७॥

yuktaharviharasya yuktachestasya karmashu
yuktaswapnavbodhasya yogah bhavati duhkhah  ( 6-17)


One who transcends painful circle of life for ever was one who practiced self discipline in all stages of life! Self-discipline can never be imposed on one; it should always come from within! A regulated flow of dharma in all activities of life helps maintain self-discipline, equipoise in all circumstances of life. To cross ocean of Samsara (worldly life), a true Yogi must all the time remain immersed in thoughts of God Almighty. Single one pointed concentration was necessitated to travel path of nishkama karma yoga! Lord Krishna never advocates non-indulgence in karma but indulging in karma nishkama karma way!


True yoga means indulging in path of nishkama karma yoga without feeling of I. Apart from surrendering self to God Almighty all the time; we had to dissolve our ego forever. We must finally realize that we were a soul atman, a spirit wanting to join God Almighty at the earliest! Dross impurities within separate us from God Almighty all the time! Through path of nishkama karma yoga, acting as a true trustee of God Almighty… we finally succeed in negating karma to zero forever! Dross impurities within could only be negated by indulgence in karma, never discarding karma!


In geeta chapter 2 verse 45 Lord Krishna emphasizes relevance of indulging in spirituality, karma not only when awake but also while sleeping! When the body was asleep… our soul atman, the spirit within was conscious all the time! It is this consciousness that needs to yoke with Paramatma (Brahman in Hinduism). Our soul atman, the spirit within was not bonded by trivialities of physical manifest world. It was all the time free to indulge in any activity of life. By dominating our ego, we took control of world of spirit existing within us in miniscule form… as our soul atman, the spirit within!


Reaching God, realizing God simply meant realizing our true inner self, becoming a pure soul atman in the cosmic journey of life! The journey of spiritual path demands highest level of perfection that could ever be practiced by human beings. Practicing patience, persistence and perseverance at all stages of life… human beings finally reached god in their lifetime! Lord Krishna tells Arjuna to look within and realize that he was a spirit, a consciousness, spiritual soul atman on its cosmic journey of 8.4 million manifestations… that entailed an earthly journey of 96.4 million years.


Lord Krishna says, as a cosmic traveler we must realize that in our cosmic journey as a soul atman, we got imbibed with impurities! These dross impurities could only be removed when human beings undertook spiritual journey and travelled path of nishkama karma yoga. The perceptible world was a manifestation by God Almighty also known as prakriti (nature). This prakriti (nature)… the physical manifest world was governed by three Gunas… sattva, rajas and tamas! As indulgence in all three Gunas was binding… it was not for a soul atman to indulge in bonding of physical manifest life!


To free self from cycle of birth and death forever… we as a soul atman, the spirit within must bond with God Almighty himself (Brahman in Hinduism) by practicing equanimity. In reality, nothing related to physical manifest world could affect our true nature… the nature of soul atman, the spirit within! For a true seeker of spirituality diamonds were stone brightly polished. We could never develop a craving for something that was ephemeral, never long-lasting! As we were primarily a spirit, Gautama Almighty existing in miniscule form in our heart… as a human being it was our duty to reach him at the earliest!


Path of spirituality was our birthright… never path of religion (rituals)! No soul atman, the spirit within could purify self through path of religion (rituals)! As long as a single trace of dross impurities remained within a soul atman, the spirit within… we could not reach stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana)… a point of no return! As a human being, indulgence in yoga simply means wanting to yoke with God Almighty, Parmatman in all its glory! While indulging in yoga meditation, our total concentration must be permanent union with God Almighty forever.


Path of spirituality that led to enlightenment was one-way path. Once a human being became an enlightened one, there was no possibility of mortal self returning to material fold! All changes were permanent. Having gained absolute purity… our soul atman, the spirit within could not gain dross impurities again! The cosmic circle of life finally comes to an end. The mortal frame at the time of death of body gained moksha salvation for ever. Sri Krishna freely advocates that all human beings on mother earth must all the time try travelling path of spirituality with single pointed concentration to reach god.


By realizing power of absolute truth, we could definitely reach god in present life! By absolute truth we mean… God Almighty was one and only one and the rest was his creation, his manifestation, termed prakriti (nature) in scriptures of Hinduism!


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Oct 5, 2014

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