Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 40

नेहाभिक्रमनाशोऽस्ति प्रत्यवायो न विद्यते ।
स्वल्पमप्यस्य धर्मस्य त्रायते महतो भयात् ॥२-४०॥

ne aha bhikramanshosti pratyavayo no vidyate
svalpam api asya dharmasya trayate mahato bhayat ॥ 2-40 ॥



In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 40 Lord Krishna confirms to Arjuna that path of karma nishtha, path of karma yoga was an unparalleled way to reach god in present life. Those indulging in karma nishkama karma way must never fear loss of efforts of present life. Whatever the accomplishments of spiritual path, after death of mortal frame all get transferred to next manifestation! At no stage of life a serious seeker of spirituality must worry about indulging in karma, irrespective of fruits of karma!


As happens in physical manifest world, if we do not indulge in work until the end… results were not assured! But in world of souls’ atmans, such a possibility never existed! Furthermore, as fruits of karma performed were directed towards God Almighty, there never was a chance of wasting of our efforts in this life! Indulgence in nishkama karma yoga primarily means a one-to-one direct dealing with god. Stated otherwise, we must never fear accomplishments of present life could be lost in next life, manifestation.


Most people feared undertaking spiritual journey in present life as they are inherently feared not reaching god in present life. People commonly thought, if we could not make it in present life to doors of God Almighty, why travel at all! Such ambiguity did not exist in spiritual journey mandated by God Almighty. Whatever our accomplishments of present life… less or more, all get transferred to next manifestation in Toto! Lord Krishna says we must never fear undertaking spiritual journey in present life… no matter what.


Lord Krishna also tells Arjuna not to fear getting positive results intermittently or at the end of journey. We were not supposed to look into domain of God Almighty. Whatever the results of nishkama karma, it was not for us to worry! As a human being it is our duty to indulge in karma, nishkama karma way! Lord Krishna tells Arjuna to perform his duty in battle of Mahabharata by indulging in war of righteousness, unmindful of results as this war of dharma was directed towards welfare of mankind at large!


It was not for Arjuna to worry about outcome of war! He must only perform his duty and leave rest to god.


Lord Krishna further advises Arjuna that whatever little accomplishments of spiritual journey, they were never binding! Indulgence in Sakaam karma yoga created bondage resulting in perpetuity of life. Those who indulged in karma with an eye on fruits of karma performed never get liberated from cycle of birth and death. This continuity of life was the biggest fear of mankind. If one desires reaching stage of moksha salvation… one must always indulge in karma, nishkama karma way!


To liberate our soul atman, the spirit within from vicious cycle of birth and death, our indulgence in nishkama karma yoga in present life was mandated by God Almighty. As per Sri Krishna this was our primary dharma, goal of life. As a human being we practically had no other alternative but to follow dictates of Lord Srikrishna in present life.


The Explanation

In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 40 Lord Krishna highlights virtues of indulgence in Svadharma which was doing karma nishkama karma way. Human beings travelling spiritual journey was the ultimate goal of our soul atman, the spirit within. Spiritual journey can be successfully travelled only when we indulged in karma, nishkama karma way… offering fruits of karma performed to God Almighty all the time! As the journey of life belonged to our soul atman, the spirit within… fruits of karma performed also belonged to our soul atman, the spirit within!


The manifest physical self, the form of human being was but a medium for soul atman, the spirit within to purify itself! Ever since souls’ atmans started their cosmic journey, in their cosmic sojourn they got mired in impurities. To cleanse self of dross impurities within starts cosmic life cycle of every soul atman. It is through a maze of 8.4 million manifestations… every soul atman, the spirit within finally regains its lost original pure prime pristine primordial form forever. Human beings gaining enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) and finally moksha salvation announced our soul atman, the spirit within finally reaching cosmic end of life… 8.4 millionth manifestation!


Journey in human form was the most pleasant experience for a soul atman, the spirit within! No soul atman could gain absolute purity in absence of human form! Human form was the highest stage in cosmic life cycle. The most human beings could evolve was stage of an enlightened one! Having reached stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) there was nothing further to be achieved by a human being. One finally reaches stage of Nirvikalpa Samadhi (stage of absolute nothingness). Our soul atman, the spirit within gaining absolute purity announced negation of karma to zero forever.


Throughout Bhagavad Gita, Lord Sri Krishna announces benefits of travelling spiritual path. As detailed in Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 40, whatever our spiritual achievements of present life at the time of death of present body, the same become opening balance for next manifestation! At whatever stage we left in the previous manifestation, we shall start our journey in next life from the same level! Nothing gets lost in the field of pure spirituality. This also confirms that we must never fear travelling spiritual path in present life. Those who undertaking spiritual journey in present life were never assured they would reach god in present life itself. Such a confirmation does not exist in spiritual world.


As ordained by God, as detailed by Lord Krishna… the journey of spirituality is always travelled slowly step-by-step! By undertaking spiritual journey in present life as we had nothing to lose, we must go in search of god in present life itself. Most people world over keep postponing travelling spiritual journey. All the time they keep assuring themselves that whatever they could not undertake in present life… they would attempt in next life! We fail to realize that next manifestation by our soul atman was not in our hands. All was based on karma performed in present life.


Who knows what form our soul atman manifests in next life. Why live in false pretence. Something that we could not accomplish in present life… why leave it for next manifestation! Such pretence ultimately proves costly for most human beings. Whatever little we could have accomplished spiritually in present life could not be achieved by us. If anyone is to blame… it is us! Why leave things to chance for next manifestation. As closing balance of present life at the time of death of physical manifest body becomes opening balance for next manifestation, we must all the time indulge in spirituality in present life to reach god! Here Lord Krishna makes it absolutely clear that we never lost anything on spiritual path.


Whatever little we could gain on spiritual path, we must always attempt the same! Only then we can cut across shackles of karma forever. Liberation from cycle of birth and death was not that easily achieved. Lord Krishna says it clear and loud… journey of spirituality is always covered in stages, slowly step-by-step. Manifestation after manifestation, body after body… we must move towards God Almighty! This becomes possible when we indulged in karma… nishkama karma way of life! Furthermore, human beings who seriously travelled spiritual path finally lost fear of death forever. This was the biggest accomplishment of undertaking spiritual journey in present life.


As everything contained in Bhagavad Gita was an allegory to spiritual values of life… through bhagavad gita chapter 2 verse 40 it has been made clear by God Almighty that Lord Krishna existed within all human beings in miniscule form as our soul atman, the spirit within! It all the time prompts from within to undertake spiritual journey in present life. It also prompts to indulge in karma, nishkama karma way! Only then our soul atman, the spirit within can reach stage of absolute purity forever. Cutting across shackles of Samsara (worldly life) was not that easy. It could only be done via path of karma yoga, yoga nishtha as detailed by Lord Krishna in the teachings of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.


As we were primarily a spirit, a soul atman on its cosmic life cycle of 8.4 million manifestations… as a human being, it becomes our duty to assist our soul atman in reaching cosmic end of life at the earliest! We as a soul atman must indulge in spirituality all the time. The choice is ours. The sole prerogative of choosing life’s journey depends on every single individual human being on mother earth. None could force us for undertaking spiritual journey in present life. As Lord Krishna existed in our heart all the time, remaining truthful all the time we could hear the sweet small inner voice of Lord Krishna that seemed to come from within our heart!


This voice of Lord Krishna always guides us on right path. Every single human being on mother earth had ones Lord Krishna existing in one’s heart! We need not search for Lord Krishna anywhere else. Neither do we need to go to temples, churches or mosques for seeking guidance from Lord Krishna. All precepts of spirituality were all the time available to us provided we mastered art of truthfulness in present life. The voice of our soul atman can only be heard by remaining truthful in present life. Most human beings world over indulged in karma for the sake of fruits of karma. How could such human beings ever reach their Lord Krishna residing in their heart?


Truthfulness was that important ingredient of cosmic system in absence of which one could never reach god in present life. People say India is the spiritual center of world! But how many people in India were totally truthful all throughout life. People in West did not know anything about Bhagavad Gita… yet, most followed path of absolute truthfulness most of time. Their faces said it all. Truthfulness can never be hidden… it always reflects on face of one! The glow on faces of Westerners proved beyond doubt that they followed path of truthfulness most of time. For people in West it was easier to assimilate teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita compared to Indians having pretensions all the time.


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Sep 25, 2014

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