Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 24

अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लेद्योऽशोष्य एव च ।
नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरचलोऽयं सनातनः ॥२-२४॥

acchedyo ayam adahyo ayam akledyo shoshya eva cha
nityah sarvagatah sthanur achalo ayam sanatanah  ॥ 2-24 ॥



In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 24 Krishna further tells Arjuna that our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within was an independent entity, unmindful of happenings of physical manifest world! Krishna says our soul atman could not be cut in pieces as human body. It could not be burnt with fire. It is not affected by water meaning could not be dissolved in water. It also could not be dried meaning with passage of time it does not wither.


Our soul atman was subtlest of all. It was not subject to changes of physical manifest world. Krishna further says our soul atman, the spirit within was eternal, pervading all parts of cosmos, being immutable, unchangeable, perennial, indescribable and unmodifiable… it was the source of all manifest life in cosmos. Existing from times immemorial (Sanatana, Anadi), this soul atman with passage of time did not undergo any change (not subject to modifications).


To our senses it was incomprehensible meaning that one could never comprehend a soul atman by limited power of senses and mind. Human life was transitory but our soul atman, the spirit within was tangible, formless and unfathomable even by learned sages and saints. We as human beings exist because souls’ atmans exist. The vice versa was not true. No human body had the potential of manifesting a soul atman.


Manifestation to manifestation, body after body… the existence of a soul atman never ceases to exist! Right from stage of big bang to dissolution of cosmos (termed Pralaya in Hinduism) the existence of a soul atman could never be disputed. If we still identify human body with our soul atman, we were ignorant in matters spiritual! Human life fades away with passage of time but our soul atman, the spirit within does not!


Krishna further says our soul atman, the spirit within was indestructible, indivisible, primordial… existing from beginning of time! Everything in cosmos fades away with time… but souls atmans do not! If souls’ atmans did not die… there was no reason for Arjuna to grieve even if death of his maternal grandfather Bhishma Pitamah and guru Dronacharya occurred in the battle of Mahabharata between Kauravas and Pandavas.


The Explanation:

From a spiritual angle, Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 24 confirms that our soul atman, the spirit within was the only truth of life! Everything in cosmos could wither and die excepting our soul atman, the spirit within. As we were primarily a soul atman, the spirit within and not the manifest physical human form… it becomes our duty to travel path of our soul atman, the spirit within!


Every soul atman had a goal of life… liberating self from cycle of birth and death forever at the earliest! Governed by inscrutable laws of karma, by undertaking spiritual journey human beings on mother earth can reach stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) and finally moksha salvation. Travelling spiritual path dictated by our soul atman should be our priority, a compulsion in life!


It has rightly been said… our soul atman, the spirit within is the absolute master and controller of human body and not vice versa! It is not within the capability of human body to manifest a soul atman, the spirit within! In absence of souls’ atmans… the human body was just a collection of flesh and bones, nothing more! Presence of consciousness within us makes us what we are.


This consciousness within is our soul atman. We are primarily a spirit beyond comprehension of our five senses and mind. By undertaking spiritual journey, contemplating on teachings contained in scriptures of Hinduism… we can definitely overpower five senses and mind and negate karma to zero. In absence of dross impurities within… our soul atman finally gained absolute purity forever.


As the journey of life belonged to our soul atman and not the manifest physical human form… the teachings of Bhagavad Gita by Lord Krishna in Mahabharata are directed towards human beings who desired reaching god in present life. Reaching God in present life simply means us as a soul atman, the spirit within gaining absolute purity forever! By travelling spiritual path we finally hope to reach our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within!


God Almighty ordained a long journey of 1.1 million manifestations in human form to liberate self from cycle of birth and death forever. It is only by undertaking spiritual journey we reached god. In present times none could reach god via path of religion (path of rituals). Our indulgence in teachings contained in Srimad Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads was necessitated to cross ocean of Samsara (worldly life).


By enumerating attributes of soul atman to Arjuna in Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 24, lord Krishna points to entire humanity that path of spirituality was long and difficult to travel. Still, whatever little we could achieve in present life… we must strive to achieve it! As life was governed by inscrutable laws of karma… the closing balance of present life becomes opening balance for next manifestation!


In simple words this means at whatever level we leave in present life… our soul atman would manifest a form in next life at the same level. Our spiritual workings of present life would never be lost… no matter what! Things ephemeral withered with time but our spiritual achievements are there to stay. When we were a soul atman, the spirit within… where was the cause for any worry! All spiritual achievements of present life become available to us in next manifestation.


Arjuna grieving over anticipated death of close relatives and friends in the war of Mahabharata was meaningless, uncalled for! In this battle of Dharma (righteousness)… as per Lord Krishna Arjuna was duty-bound to follow his inner instincts to fight the enemy and win the war. When Dharmaraja (Lord Krishna) himself was charioteer of Arjuna, chances of losing the war were nil! In real life… our charioteer was our soul atman, the spirit within residing in our heart!


By remaining truthful all throughout life we can hear the sweet small inner voice of our soul atman that seemed to come from within our heart. This voice of our soul atman always guides us on right path as did Lord Krishna to Arjuna. Prompted by voice of my soul atman, travelling spiritual path for about 25 years… I finally reached God in 1993 at 37 years of age. This is my last manifestation on mother earth… 8.4 millionth manifestation!


Nowhere to go further… I shall but attain moksha salvation, moment I leave my mortal frame!


At this stage of life, I can vouch with authority that we must undertake spiritual journey in present life as best possible. We just could not leave things to chance for next manifestation. Whatever we could not attempt in present life… how can we assume we shall continue the journey in next manifestation! There was none to fool than our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within! By remaining ignorant… we were being casual! God Almighty is never reached that way. To reach God in present life, the willpower exhibited by Swami Vivekananda was necessitated! After death of present body… we do not know what form our soul atman manifested in next life. It is in our interest that we undertook spiritual journey now.


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Sep 10, 2014

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