Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 21

वेदाविनाशिनं नित्यं य एनमजमव्ययम् ।
कथं स पुरुषः पार्थ कं घातयति हन्ति कम् ॥२-२१॥

veda vinashinam nityam ya enam ajam avyayam
katham sa purushah partha kam ghatayati hanti kam  ॥ 2-21 ॥



Lord Krishna addresses Arjuna: O Partha (son of Pritha, Kunti)… a human being who recognizes the sublime truth of a soul atman, the spirit within… how could one be instrumental in killing someone or getting others killed. The knower of all understands that a soul atman, the spirit within was indestructible, existing from times immemorial (shashwat), unborn and unchangeable with passage of time. It was not within powers of a soul atman to kill anyone.


Of itself, every soul atman was inert… a Dhrishta (onlooker). The body it manifests can be the killer or instigator but never the soul atman within. Wise never feign ignorance over structure of a soul atman, the spirit within. As detailed in scriptures of Hinduism… souls’ atmans were immortal from beginning of time. They manifest different forms only to work out their karma… remove dross impurities within!


The eternal soul atman could never be an instrument for slaying someone. Human beings who failed to realize their true inner nature, true inner self mistook their human body for soul atman. The immutable structure of soul atman was free from decay. With passage of time it remains constant. What changes was the bodily self… the outer garment! The human body… controlled by five senses and mind was subject to change but never our soul atman, the spirit within!


The Explanation:

In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 21 Lord Krishna details the attributes of a Jnani (Wise). A true seeker of spirituality as per Lord Krishna understood that our soul atman was eternal. He also understood that we were primarily a soul atman, the spirit within and not the manifest human form! It is not within the capability of human body to manifest a soul atman.


The unmanifest after manifesting a body undergoes earthly journey. In human form if one commits a murder, it could never be attributed to soul atman, the spirit within! The bondage of karma, earthly relationships all related to the physical manifest human form… nothing to do with soul atman, the spirit within!


As everything contained in Bhagavad Gita was an allegory to explain hidden abstract fundamentals of life… In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 21 Lord Krishna clearly asks all travelers of spiritual path to recognize this fundamental concept of cosmic life… that we were a soul atman, the spirit within and not the manifest physical human form!


Unless we realized this abstract reality… all our spiritual efforts would go in vain! For human beings to understand intricacies of spiritual life… our travelling path of dharma (righteousness) was an absolute must. While indulging in dharma (act of righteousness) if some sacrifices were mandated by god… then we were not a sinner in eyes of god.


The goal of a serious seeker of spirituality was reaching god in present life. This goal of life could only be accomplished if we understood teachings of Bhagavad Gita detailed by Lord Krishna in the battle of Mahabharata. The first message conveyed by Lord Krishna was… our true identity, our true reality of life! As per Lord Krishna we were primarily a spiritual being… a soul atman, the spirit within on its cosmic life cycle of 8.4 million manifestations that entailed an earthly journey of 96.4 million years.


Our soul atman, the spirit within was the absolute master and controller of life on mother earth. For all practical purposes… our soul always remains passive. All actions are indulged by physical manifest self… the form of human being! As human form was the highest manifest stage in cosmic life cycle… it was only in human form… our soul atman, the spirit within finally liberated self from cycle of birth and death forever.


To reach god, to gain success in spiritual life… our winning internal war of dharma (righteousness) was necessitated. At any given moment of time, within every human being raged a Mahabharata of gigantic proportions! Our soul atman desires our leaving family attachments forever whereas our physical manifest self is bonded by Moha (extreme emotional attachment) towards our family members, relatives and friends.


No matter what, every spiritual seeker has to ultimately win this war of dharma (righteousness) to overpower five senses and mind. Stage of enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) and finally moksha salvation can only be reached after subduing powerful five senses and mind. In this game of spiritual life… one who succeeds in cutting shackles of Moha (extreme emotional attachment) forever is the ultimate winner. Rather we had no other alternative.


Before undertaking spiritual journey… we must finally realize that essence of spirituality laid in negating karma to zero forever. Karma can only be negated to zero by establishing absolute control over five senses and mind. For establishing absolute control over five senses and mind… our subduing forces of Moha (attachment) was mandated by god. Subduing Moha (attachment) was the initial stage. Finally it was path of contemplation that rules the roost.


At every stage of spiritual life contemplation on teachings contained in various scriptures of Hinduism were an absolute must. In the present Kali Yuga, dark age… metal age one could not travel spiritual path sincerely and diligently unless we fought negative forces of nature that exist within! It was easier to tackle external forces of nature but to tackle the unseen was really difficult. At this stage our soul atman, the spirit within residing in our heart comes to our rescue.


For all practical purposes, Lord Krishna was our soul atman, the spirit within wanting to guide us in our spiritual journey all the time! By remaining truthful all the time… we could distinctly hear the sweet small inner voice of our soul atman that seemed to come from within our heart. Prompted by dictates of my soul atman… after a spiritual travail of about 25 years, I finally reached god in the wee hours of third of Aug 1993 at 37 years of age.


I seriously started my spiritual journey when 13 years of age. The earlier we start… the better. Human beings who kept prolonging their spiritual journey were ignorant in matters spiritual. If we could not make it in this life, how could they expect to accomplish the same in next manifestation! After all, the journey of life always belonged to our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within! We never know what form our soul atman manifests in next manifestation. All depends on karma performed in present life.


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Sep 9, 2014

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