Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 18

अन्तवन्त इमे देहा नित्यस्योक्ताः शरीरिणः ।
अनाशिनोऽप्रमेयस्य तस्माद्युध्यस्व भारत ॥२-१८॥

antavanta ime deha nityasyo aktah sharirinah
anashino aprameyasya tasmad yudhyasva bharata ॥ 2-18 ॥



In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 18 Krishna delimits Arjuna by saying that physical manifest body that had a beginning also had an end! The human body was not endless but our soul atman, the spirit within was. The continuity of life in cosmic system results from presence of a soul atman, the spirit… within our human body, in fact all living beings!


It was our soul atman, the spirit within that was eternal and not the manifest physical human form. The essence of a spirit was indefinable… beyond capture of five senses and mind! It was not within human intellect to interpret what a soul atman, the spirit within was! Our soul atman, the spirit within could never be destroyed, nor created… existing from times immemorial!


To clean self of dross impurities within… every soul atman, the spirit within requires manifesting different life forms! In its entire cycle of 8.4 million manifestations… a soul atman, the spirit within initially manifests form of amoeba (single cell formation)… the first manifestation in cosmic life cycle. It further evolves into multi-cell formation, then insect life, plant life, animal life and finally human form. Without a medium, a body… no soul atman could evolve!


Impressing upon Arjuna this important fact of cosmic life… Krishna urges Arjuna (a Bharatvanshi) to fight the battle of Mahabharata to root out evil from society forever. Krishna tells Arjuna that if death of his beloved maternal grandfather Bhishma Pitamah and Guru Dronacharya occurred at hands of Pandavas… it was but inevitable!


When Bhishma Pitamah and Guru Dronacharya were siding evil Kauravas… they had to bear fruits of karma performed by them. Killing close relatives and friends in the enemy camp was the necessity of present times as Dharma (righteousness) had to be re-established at all costs. When our soul atman, the spirit within was the absolute master and controller of life on mother earth… why grieve for death of few mortals?


The Explanation

In Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 verse 18 Krishna briefs Arjuna about immortality of our soul atman, the spirit within! We as human beings were perishable. When death occurs… everything we call our own was left midway! Even while manifesting various life forms… the entity of a soul atman, the spirit within did not undergo any change!


Our soul atman, the spirit within was not only indestructible but the only source of life on mother earth and elsewhere in cosmos. The consciousness within a human body was our soul atman, the spirit within residing in our heart! As per Lord Krishna… the journey of life in cosmic system belonged to our soul atman… and not the manifest physical human form!


Fighting with enemies in the battle of Mahabharata, if few of our close relatives and friends got eliminated… their souls’ atmans would again manifest a life form. The manifestation by a soul atman was directly based on karma performed. If the residual balance of karma at the time of death in present life demands one manifesting form of an animal in next life then it would be so.


A person like Hitler who was the cause of elimination of millions of innocent Jews could not expect a human form in next manifestation. When life in cosmic system was principally governed by laws of karma… then Arjuna must not hesitate in fighting and defeating the enemy. As a Kshatriya… as the warrior chieftain of Pandava camp, it was his duty to fight and win battle of Mahabharata.


As per Krishna… death in cosmic system, in the world of souls’ atmans carried no meaning! It was as simple as changing of guards at Buckingham Palace. When a child in class one promotes to class two… where was the question of any death? When a soul atman leaves the old garment and manifests a new one… nothing actually dies! Dominated by five senses and mind, as human beings we felt death of mortals. In cosmic domain nothing much happened!


From view of souls’ atmans… the entire lifespan of a soul atman was one continuous span of life… absolutely unbroken, unhindered! Krishna says… as a human being, the highest manifest stage in cosmic life cycle… it is our prime duty to assist our soul atman in reaching cosmic end of life… 8.4 millionth manifestation, stage of enlightenment and finally moksha salvation! Human beings undertaking spiritual journey to reach god was a requirement of our soul atman and not the manifest physical human form.


As per Krishna all manifest life forms faced an end in form of death of body. It was inevitable… not in control of one. None on mother earth could say one had control over death. Immortality was a sign of our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within and not the manifest physical human form! By acting coward, Arjuna was only delaying his journey in mortal form. Krishna advises Arjuna not to indulge in delusion or grief and prepare self to fight the enemy.


As per Krishna although physical body was subject to pleasure, pain, disease and old age… our soul atman, the spirit within was immortal at every stage of life! Krishna advises Arjuna to exercise power of discrimination to distinguish real from unreal, truth from false! As Arjuna was competent to seek god in this very life… he must follow dictates of soul atman, the spirit within all the time! The prime purpose of Lord Krishna in disseminating words of jnana wisdom to Arjuna rest in the fact that amongst all in Pandava camp (even the enemy camp)… It was only Arjuna who was competent to understand what Krishna had to say in matters spiritual.


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – Sep 8, 2014

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